by William Gadsby, ca.1800
Question I. Who is the only self-existent
Answer. God is the only self-existent Being.
Ex. 3. 14; Psa. 90. 2; Isa. 45. 5, 22; Jn. 8.58.
Question II. Ought everyone to believe that
there is a God?
Answer. Everyone ought to believe that there is a God, and it is their great sin and folly who do not.
Psa. 9.17; Ecc. 12.13; Mark 16. 16; Jn. 8.24 & 16.8-9; 2 Thess.2. 11-12.
Question III. How may we know that there is
Answer. The works of creation and providence plainly declare that there is a God, but His Word and Spirit only do it effectually to the salvation of His people.
Job 38 & 39; Psa. 19; Jn. 16.8-14 & 17.8; 1 Cor. 2.10.
Question IV. What is the Word of God?
Answer. The Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the Word of God, and the only certain rule of faith and obedience.
Psa. 119.140; Prov. 30.5; Isa. 40.8; 2 Tim. 3.14-17.
Question V. What things are chiefly
contained in the Holy Scriptures?
Answer. The Holy Scriptures chiefly contain what man is to believe concerning God, and what God requires of man.
Ecc. 12.13-14; Mic. 6.8; 2 Tim. 3.14-17.
Question VI. What is God?
Answer. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal and unchangeable in His being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness and truth.
Ex. 34. 5-7; Jn. 4.24; 1 Tim. 1.17 & 6.15-16; Heb. 12.29; Rev. 22.13.
Question VII. Are there more Gods than one?
Answer. There is but one only living and true God.
Deut. 6.4; Isa. 45.5-6, 21-22; 1 Tim. 2.5.
Question VIII. How many Persons are there in
Answer. There are three Persons in the Godhead - the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit; and these Three are One, the same in essence, and equal in power and glory.
Matt. 3.16-17 & 12.31-32 & 28. 19; Jn. 5.23 & 15.26; 2 Cor. 13.14; 1 Jn. 5.7.
Question IX. Can God be frustrated in His
purposes and designs?
Answer. No, for He works all things after the counsel of His own will, and will do all His pleasure.
Job 23.13; Isa. 43.13 & 46.10; Matt. 28.18; Eph. 1.11-12.
Question X. What are the decrees of God?
Answer. The decrees of God are His eternal purpose according to the counsel of His will, whereby, for His own glory, He has foreordained whatsoever comes to pass.
Isa. 46.10; Rom. 8.28-30 & 9.6-24; Eph. 1.11-12; 2 Thess. 2.13-14.
Question XI. How does God execute his
Answer. God executes his decrees in the works of creation, providence and grace.
Num. 23.19-23; Job 37.13; Psa. 107.25-30; Dan. 4.35; Rev. 4.11.
Question XII. What is the work of creation?
Answer. The work of creation is God's, making all things out of nothing by the word of His power, and all very good.
Gen. 1; Jn. 1.1-3; Col. 1.16; Heb. 11.3.
Question XIII. How did God create man?
Answer. God created man, male and female; in the image of God created He them, with dominion over the creatures.
Gen. 1.26-31 & 2.7, 18-23; Psa. 8.3-8 & 119.73; Matt. 19.4-6; Mark 10.6-9.
Question XIV. What are God's works of
Answer. God's works of providence are His most holy, wise and powerful preserving and governing of all His creatures and all their actions.
1 Sam. 3. 18; Job 23.13-14; Psa. 31.15 & 103.19 & 145.15-16; Prov. 5.21 & 16.9, 33 & 20.24; Matt 10.29; Heb. 1.3.
Question XV. What are God's works of grace?
Answer. God's works of grace are the rich displays of His everlasting love in redemption, regeneration and the glorious works connected therewith.
Jer. 31.3; Eph. 2; Phil. 2.13; Rev. 1.5-6.
Question XVI. What special act of providence
did God exercise towards man in the estate wherein He created him?
Answer. When God created man He gave him a law, promising him a continuance of the life and blessings which he then possessed on condition of his perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil upon pain of death.
Question XVII. Did our first parents
continue in the estate wherein they were created?
Answer. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created by sinning against God.
Gen. 3; Ecc. 7.29.
Question XVIII. What is sin?
Answer. Sin is the transgression of the law of God.
l Jn. 3.4.
Question XIX. What was the sin whereby our
first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
Answer. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created was their eating of the forbidden fruit.
Question XX. Did all mankind fall in Adam's
Answer. All mankind, descending from Adam by ordinary generation lay in his loins, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression.
1 Kin. 8.46; Ecc. 7.20; Rom. 3.9-19, 23 & 5.12, 19; 1 Cor. 15. 21-22.
Question XXI. Into what estate did the fall
Answer. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.
Gen. 3. 7-24; Jer. 17.9; Rom. 3.10-12 & 5.12 & 8.22.
Question XXII. Wherein consists the
sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
Answer. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all the actual transgressions which proceed from it.
Psa.51.5 & 58.3; Isa.1.6 & 6.5 & 64.6; Jer. 17.9; Matt.15.19; Rom. 3.10 & 7.14.
Question XXIII. What is the misery of that
estate whereunto man fell?
Answer. All mankind, by their fall, lost communion with God, incurred the curse of the law, and so were made liable to all the miseries of this life, and to death itself; and all who die in sin must endure the pains of hell for ever.
Gen. 3. 16-24; Job 5.7 & 14.1-2; Isa. 64.6; Matt. 22.13 & 25.41; Rom. 3.23 & 8.7; 1 Cor. 2.14.
Question XXIV. Did God leave all mankind to
perish in that estate of sin and misery?
Answer. No; God, having out of His own good pleasure from eternity elected some of them to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of that estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into a state of salvation by a Redeemer.
Rom. 3.21-25 & 9.6-24; Eph. 1.4-7; 1 Thess. 5.9; 2 Thess. 2.13; 1 Pet. 1.2.
Question XXV. What is meant by a covenant of
Answer. The covenant engagement entered into, in the counsels of eternity, by the Triune God in behalf of the elect; in which covenant the elect were given to the Person of the Son, and made His care and charge, and all spiritual blessings were treasured up and secured in Him, and so made sure to all the seed of promise.
2 Sam. 23.5; Psa. 89.27-37; Isa. 55.3; Hos. 2. 23; Jn. 17.2; Heb. 2.13 & 8.10.
Question XXVI. On whom did the conditions of
the covenant fall?
Answer. The Second Person in the Trinity, who, knowing the elect would destroy themselves by sin, engaged to be accountable for them, and to take all the consequences connected therewith upon Himself, and in His own time to send them the Holy Spirit, who should teach them all truth; and, at last, present them to Himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing.
Isa. 9. 6-7; Jn. 16.7-14 & 17.8-15; Eph. 5.25-27; Heb. 9.28.
Question XXVII. Is there anything in the
covenant of grace of a precarious or uncertain nature?
Answer. No; for it is ordered in all things and sure, and is confirmed by the promise and oath of God.
2 Sam. 23.5; Psa. 89. 33-37; Jer. 33.20-21; Matt. 24. 35; Jn. 17.12, 24; Rom. 11.29.
Question XXVIII. Are the called according to
God's purpose to take any consolation from the glory and stability of this covenant?
Answer. Yes; for it contains all their salvation, and all their desire.
2 Sam. 23.5; Isa. 54.10; Jn. 10.28-29; Heb. 6.17-20.
Question XXIX. Who is the Redeemer of God's
Answer. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ who, being the Lord of life and glory, became man, and so was, and continues to be, God and Man in two distinct natures but one Person for ever.
Gen. 3.15; Matt. 1.21, 23; Jn. 1.14; 1 Tim. 2.5 & 3.16; Heb. 1.1-9 & 2.9 & 13.8.
Question XXX. How did Christ, the Lord of
life and glory, become man?
Answer. Christ, the Lord of life and glory, became man by taking upon Him the nature of His people, being conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary (by the overshadowing of the Holy Ghost) and born of her, yet without sin.
Isa. 7.14; Matt. 1.20-23; Luke 1. 31-35; Jn. 1.14; Gal. 4.4; Phil. 2.6-8; Heb. 2.14-18.
Question XXXI. What offices does Christ
execute as the Redeemer of God's elect?
Answer. Christ, as the Redeemer of God's elect, executes the offices of a prophet, of a priest and of a king, both in His estate of humiliation and exaltation.
(Prophet) Luke 7. 16; Jn. 1.1,14 & 6.14 & 13.19; Acts3.22-25 & 7.37-38.
(Priest) Heb. 2. 17-18 & 3.1 & 4.14-16 & 5.5-7 & 7.24-28 & 10.19-22.
(King) Psa. 2.6 & 24.7-10; Psa. 45; Zech. 9.9; Rev. 11.15 & 19.16.
Question XXXII. How does Christ execute the
office of a prophet?
Answer. Christ executes the office of a prophet in revealing to the elect, by His word and Spirit, the will of God in their salvation.
Jn. 1.18 & 6.33,45,63 & 10.27-28 & 13.19 & 14.26 & 15.15.
Question XXXIII. How does Christ execute the
office of a priest?
Answer. Christ executes the office of a priest in His once offering up of Himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice and to reconcile the elect unto God, and in making continual intercession for them.
Isa. 53.6-11; Rom. 8.34; 2 Cor. 5.19-21; Heb. 2.17 & 7.25 & 9.28.
Question XXXIV. How does Christ execute the
office of a king?
Answer. Christ executes the office of a king by subduing the elect to Himself, ruling and defending them, and conquering all His and their enemies.
Psa. 110.1-3; 1 Cor. 15.25; Phil. 2.9-11; Heb. 1.8.
Question XXXV. Wherein did Christ's
Answer. Christ's humiliation consisted in His being born of a woman, made under the law, and becoming a servant, though He was Lord of all; in His undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; and in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.
Isa. 53; Matt. 12.40 & 27.46; Luke 22.42-44; 1 Cor. 15.3-4; 2 Cor. 8.9; Gal. 4.4; Phil. 2.5-8; Heb. 5.7-8.
Question XXXVI. Wherein consists Christ's
Answer. Christ's exaltation consists in His rising again from the dead on the third day; in ascending up into heaven with the elect on His breast as trophies of victory; in sitting at the right hand of the Father; and in coming to judge the world at the last day, accompanied by all His holy angels, and His Bride adorned in His glory, who shall meet Him in the air at His coming; and in His sitting upon His throne of glory, to be admired and honoured by all the redeemed throng, for ever and ever.
Luke 24.1-7; Act. 1.9-11; Rom. 8.34; 1 Cor. 15.4; Eph. 1.20-23; Phil. 2.9-11; l Thess. 4. 16-18; 2 Thess. 1.10; Rev. 5.11-14 & 20.11 & 21.2-4.
Question XXXVII. What special blessings do
God's people derive from the Lord Jesus Christ?
Answer. As all spiritual blessings are treasured up and secured in Christ, so they are dealt out to the elect as is most for God's glory to give, and His people's good to receive.
Jn. 1.16; Rom. 8.28-39; Eph. 1.3-6; Phil. 4.19.
Question XXXVIII. What is Jesus Christ unto
Answer. Jesus Christ is made of God unto the elect wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification and redemption; He is their head, life, strength, portion and their all in all.
Psa. 18.1-2 & 73.25-26 & 142.5; S of S. 5.9-16; Jer. 23.6; 1 Cor. 1.30-31; 2 Cor. 5.21; Eph. 1.22-23 & 5.23; Col. 3.3-4,11.
Question XXXIX. How are the elect made
partakers of the redemption by Christ?
Answer. The elect are made partakers of the redemption by Christ in the effectual application of it to them by His Spirit.
Zech. 4. 6; Jn. 3.27 & 14.26; 1 Cor. 2.10 & 6.11; Eph. 2.1; Col. 2.13.
Question XL. How does the Spirit apply the
redemption by Christ to the elect?
Answer. The Spirit applies the redemption by Christ to the elect by working faith in them, and thereby bringing them to a knowledge of their union to Christ in effectual calling.
Jn. 6.29 & 16.8-15; 1 Cor. 1.8-9; Eph. 2.8-10 & 3.17-19; Phil. 2.13; 2 Tim.1.9; Heb. 3.1.
Question XLI. What is effectual calling?
Answer. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit whereby, convincing them of sin, enlightening their minds in the knowledge of Christ, and creating them anew, He enables the elect to embrace Jesus Christ, freely given to them in the gospel.
Jn. 6.37 & 16.8-11,13-14 & 17.3; 2 Cor. 4.6; Eph. 2.1; 1 Jn. 2.27; Rev. 22.17.
Question XLII. What blessings do they that
are effectually called partake of in this life?
Answer. They that are effectually called do, in this life, partake of justification, adoption, sanctification and the several blessings which do in this life accompany them.
Psa. 68.18; Rom. 5.1-2 & 8.30-32; 1 Cor. 1.30; Gal. 4.6; Eph. 1.5.
Question XLIII. What is justification?
Answer. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein the elect are accepted as righteous in God's sight alone, for the righteousness of Christ imputed to them, and they receive it by faith.
Rom. 4.3-5,24-25 & 5.18-19; 2 Cor. 5.21; Gal. 3.5-11; Phil. 3.9; Tit. 3.7.
Question XLIV. What is adoption?
Answer. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby the elect are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.
Jer.31.9; Rom. 8.15-17; 2 Cor. 6.17-18; Gal. 4.4-7; 1 Jn. 3.1-2.
Question XLV. What is sanctification?
Answer. Sanctification may be taken in a three fold sense.
1 Thess. 5.23.
Question XLVI. What is the first sense of
Answer. To sanctify is to appoint, consecrate, or set apart any person or thing to a holy and special use; thus the elect were sanctified by God the Father.
Ex. 30.28-29; Lev. 20.24; Psa. 4.3; Jn. 17.17; 2 Cor. 6.17; Jude 1.1.
Question XLVII. What is the second sense of
Answer. The elect are sanctified by the blood of Christ, which blots out their transgressions as a cloud, has satisfied divine justice, removed the curse and purges the conscience from dead works.
Isa. 43.25 & 44.22; Jn. 17.19; l Cor. 1.2,6-I1; Eph. 2.13; Col. 2.13-14; Heb. 9.14 & 10.10,14 & 13.12.
Question XLVIII. What is the third sense of
Answer. The third sense of sanctification is the work of God's Spirit, whereby the elect are renewed after the image of God, which is called the washing of regeneration and the renewing of the Holy Ghost.
Rom. 12.2 & 15.16; Eph. 4.22-24 & 5.26-27; Col. 3.10; Tit 3.4-6.
Question XLIX. What law was Christ made
under in His estate of humiliation?
Answer. The law of works.
Matt. 5.17-18; Rom. 5.19; Gal. 4.4-5.
Question L. What is meant by the law of
Answer. The law of God, commonly called the moral law, chiefly contained in the ten commandments.
Ex. 20.1-17; Deut. 5.6-21.
Question LI. Which is the first commandment?
Answer. I am the Lord thy God. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
Ex. 20.2-3; Deut. 5.6-7.
Question LII. Which is the second
Answer. Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven image, or the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the water under the earth; thou shalt not bow down thyself to them nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me, and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love Me and keep My commandments.
Ex. 20.4-6; Deut. 5.8-10.
Question LIII. Which is the third
Answer. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.
Ex. 20.7; Dent 5.11.
Question LIV. Which is the fourth
Answer. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor the stranger that is within thy gates; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the seventh day and hallowed it.
Ex. 20.8-11; Deut 5.12-15.
Question LV. Which is the fifth commandment?
Answer. Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Ex. 20.12; Deut. 5.16.
Question LVI. Which is the sixth
Answer. Thou shalt not kill.
Ex. 20.13; Deut. 5.17.
Question LVII. Which is the seventh
Answer. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Ex. 20.14; Deut 5.18.
Question LVIII. Which is the eighth
Answer. Thou shalt not steal.
Ex. 20.15; Deut. 5.19.
Question LIX. Which is the ninth
Answer. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Ex. 20.16; Deut. 5.20.
Question LX. Which is the tenth commandment?
Answer. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's.
Ex. 20.17; Deut. 5.21.
Question LXI. Is man, in a state of nature,
bound to obey this law?
Answer. Yes; and every act of disobedience deserves God's righteous wrath and indignation; for the law is holy, just and good.
Ezek. 18.4, 20; Matt. 5.19 & 22.37-40; Rom. 6.23 & 7.12; Heb. 2.2.
Question LXII. Wherein does disobedience to
God's law consist?
Answer. Disobedience to God's law consists in sinful thoughts, words and works.
Deut. 27.26; Prov. 24. 9; Jer. 17.9; Matt. 12.36 & 15.18-20; Rom. 6.23; Gal. 3.10; l Jn. 3.4.
Question LXIII. Can the law show any mercy
Answer. The law is a transcript of God's holiness and justice, and contains a righteous display of His wrath and indignation against ungodliness and ungodly men, and pronounces the man accursed who continues not in all things written in the book of the law to do them; therefore it cannot show mercy to transgressors.
Deut. 27.26; Matt. 15.18-20; Gal. 3.10-11; Heb. 2.2 & 10.28 & 12.18-21; 1 Pet. 1.15-16.
Question LXIV. How then can God be just, and
yet justify transgressors of His holy law?
Answer. The Lord Jesus Christ, as the Head and Representative of His people, was made under the law to redeem them that were under it; and, in His people's room and stead, has fulfilled, magnified and made it honourable, wrought out and brought in an everlasting righteousness for their justification; was made sin for them, and they are made the righteousness of God in Him. Thus God is just, and yet the justifier of all that believe in Christ Jesus.
Isa. 42.21 & 53.10-11; Dan. 9.24; Rom. 3.26 & 5.15-21 & 10.4; 2 Cor. 5.21; Gal. 3.13 & 4.4; 1 Pet. 3.18.
Question LXV. How does a poor sinner come to
the knowledge of his election and justification?
Answer. By faith in Christ Jesus, as his elect Head, and the Lord his righteousness and strength.
Isa. 26.3-4 & 45.22-25; Rom. 3.21-26 & 4.23-24 & 5.1-2; 1 Cor. 2.10-12.
Question LXVI. What is faith?
Answer. Faith is a grace of the Holy Spirit, whereby the sinner believes in God as He is revealed in His Word; and whereby he beholds and receives Jesus Christ as a Saviour just suited to his case in the glory of His Person, fulness, work, offices and relationship; and it is called "the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Jn.6.29 & 16.13-14; Rom. 10.9-11; 1 Cor. 1.30; Eph. 2.8-10; Heb. 11.1.
Question LXVII. What is repentance unto
Answer. Repentance unto life is a grace of the Spirit, whereby a sinner, under a true sense of his sin, and an experimental acquaintance with God's pardoning mercy in Christ, does, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God with full purpose of heart, and to serve the Lord in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
Joel 2.12-13; Luke 23.40-42; Acts 2.37 & 5.31 & 11.18; Rom. 2.4; 2 Cor. 7.9-10; 1 Thess. 1.9.
Question LXVIII. What is love?
Answer. Love is a grace of the Spirit, communicated to the believer, whereby he loves and delights in God, and in His ways, Word, worship and people.
Rom. 5.5; 1 Cor. 13; Gal. 5.6,22; l Jn. 3.14 & 4.7-21 & 5.1-3.
Question LXIX. What is hope?
Answer. Hope is a grace of the Spirit, whereby the believer expects all that the Lord in His Word has promised to give, and is "an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which entereth into that within the veil."
Psa. 42.11; Prov. 14.32; Acts 26.6-7; Rom.
5.2,4-5 & 8.24-25; Col. 1.27; 2 Thess. 2.16; Tit 2.13 & 3.7; Heb. 3.6 &
Question LXX. What is patience?
Answer. Patience is a grace of the Spirit, whereby the believer submissively waits the will of God, for the accomplishment of blessings promised.
Psa. 40.1; Rom. 5.3-4 & 8.25; Heb. 6.12-15 & 10.35-36 & 12.1; James 5.7-8, 10-11.
Question LXXI. What blessings are connected
with faith in Christ Jesus?
Answer. The blessings connected with faith in Christ Jesus are, a freedom from the bondage of sin, Satan, the world, death and the law, with free access to the Father, and a hearty welcome to all the glory of the gospel and the blessings of God's house.
Jn. 3.14-17; Rom. 5.2 & 6.14 & 8.1-4; Eph. 2.18-22; l Jn. 2.12-14 & 5.4-5.
Question LXXII. Since a believer is made
free from the law, is it any part of his freedom to be at liberty to sin?
Answer. No; for he is called to holiness; and though he is dead to, and free from, the law of works, he is not now, nor does he wish to be, without law to God but is under the law of Christ.
Luke 6.46; Rom. 6.1-2,6-7,11-19 & 7.1-6; 1 Cor. 9.21; Gal. 5.1,13-25; Col. 2.6-7; 2 Tim. 2.19; Tit. 3.8.
Question LXXIII. What is the law of Christ?
Answer. The law of Christ is the gospel of His grace, which is the law from Zion, called the law of faith, the law of liberty, and the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus.
Isa. 2.2-3; Jer. 31.31-34; Mic. 4.1-2; Rom. 3.27 & 7.21-25 & 8.1-4; Gal. 6.2; Heb. 1.8 & 8.6-13; James 1.25.
Question LXXIV. What is the gospel?
Answer. The gospel may be taken in a limited or in a more extensive sense.
Mark 1. 14-15; Jn. 1.17; Rom. 1.16; Eph. 3.6; 1 Tim. 1.11,14-15.
Question LXXV. What is meant by the gospel
in a limited sense?
Answer. Glad tidings of great joy, or a free proclamation of rich mercy, without money and without price, to poor, sin-burdened sinners; with the glorious invitations, doctrines and promises of God's everlasting love, and the blessings these truths contain.
Isa. 55.1-3,6-7; Matt. 11.28-30; Luke 2.10-11,14 & 11.9-10; Jn. 1.16-17 & 3.14-17 & 7.37; Rom. 1.16 & 10.13; Tit. 3.4-7; Rev. 21.6 & 22.17.
Question LXXVI. What is meant by the gospel
in a more extensive sense?
Answer. The above things, together with the precepts and ordinances enjoined on the church by Christ and His apostles, and the things connected therewith.
Matt. 28.18-20; Jn. 13.34 & 14.15; 1 Cor. 11.23-26; Eph. 2.8-10; Col. 2.6-7; Tit. 3.8-9; l Jn. 2.6; 2 Jn. 6.
Question LXXVII. Is the gospel, in all its
branches, a sufficient rule of life to a believer in Christ?
Answer. Yes; for through the life-giving power of the Spirit, faith lives upon Christ, the Living Head, and gospel precepts are the believer's rule in the world, in the family, in the church, and in case of personal offences.
Jn. 14.21; Rom. 6.14 & 8.9-11,14; 2 Cor. 9.8; Gal. 6.14-16; Phil. 3.16; Col. 3.1-3.
Question LXXVIII. Can you give a proof of
the precepts of the gospel as a rule to a believer in the world?
Answer. Yes; for it is written, "I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;" "Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world." "Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men." "Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God." "Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal."
Matt. 5.43-48; Rom. 12.17-18; Eph. 6.5-9;
Col. 3.22-25 & 4.1; l Jn. 2.15.
Question LXXIX. Can you give a proof of the
precepts of the gospel as a rule in the family?
Answer. Yes; as it is written, "Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord." "Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them. Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well-pleasing unto the Lord. Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged," "but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord."
Eph. 5.22-25,33 & 6.1-4; Col. 3.18-21.
Question LXXX. Can you give a proof of the
gospel as a rule in the church?
Answer. Yes; as it is written, "Let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching." "As God hath distributed to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches." "Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren." "Keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you." "Let all things be done decently and in order." "Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous."
Matt. 23.8-10; 1 Cor. 7.17 & 11.2 &
14.40; Eph. 6.9; Heb. 10.24-25; 1 Pet. 3.8-11 & 5.1-5.
Question LXXXI. Can you give a proof of the
gospel as a rule in case of personal offences?
Answer. Yes; as it is written, "If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church, but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican."
Question LXXXII. Does the gospel require
anything of believers towards God?
Answer. Believers are not their own, but are bought with a price. God, in the gospel, requires them to glorify Him in their body and their spirit, which are His, and to worship Him in spirit and in truth; and His grace enables them so to do.
Jn. 4.23-24; 1 Cor. 6.19-20; 2 Cor. 9.8; Tit. 3.8.
Question LXXIII. How many ordinances has
Christ instituted in His church?
Answer. Two, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord.
Matt 3.15 & 28.19; Mark 1.9-11; Luke 22.15-20; Acts9.18; 1 Cor. 11.23-26.
Question LXXXIV. What is Baptism?
Answer. Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ, to be unto the person baptized a sign of his fellowship with Him in His death, burial and resurrection; of his death unto sin, wrath and the law, and all other lords; of his resurrection unto life, and of his giving up himself unto God, through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life.
Rom. 6.3-5; Gal. 3.27; Col. 2.11-13 & 3.1-3; 1 Pet. 3.21.
Question LXXXV. To whom is Baptism to be
Answer. Baptism is to be administered to those who are blessed with and actually profess repentance towards God, and faith in, and obedience to, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 2.37-38,41 & 8.12,36-37 & 10.47-48 & 22.16.
Question LXXXVI. Are infants proper subjects
Answer. There is neither command nor example in the Holy Scriptures, nor certain consequences from them, to baptize infants; therefore they ought not to be baptized.
Mark 16.15-16; Acts 8.37.
Question LXXXVII. How is Baptism rightly
Answer. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the person baptized in the water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ's institution and the practice of the apostles; and not in sprinkling or pouring of water, after the tradition of men.
Matt. 3.16 & 28.19; Acts 8.38-39; Rom. 6.4-5; Col. 2.12.
Question LXXXVIII. What is the duty and
privilege of those who are rightly baptized?
Answer. It is the duty and privilege of those who are rightly baptized to give up themselves to some orderly church of Jesus Christ, that they may walk, in all the commandments of Christ their Head.
Psa. 66.16; Mal. 3.16; Jn. 14.15; Acts 2.38-47; 1 Cor. 12.12-31; Eph. 1.23 & 4.1-7,30-32.
Question LXXXIX. What is the Lord's Supper?
Answer. The Lord's Supper is an Ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ, wherein, by partaking of bread and wine, by faith in Christ, the worthy receivers do set forth the broken body and the shedding of the blood of Jesus as their meat indeed and their drink indeed; and as oft as they do it they show forth His death till He come.
Matt. 26.26-30; Mark 14.22-25; Luke 22.15-20; 1 Cor. 5.7 & 10.16-17 & 11.23-27.
Question XC. Who are the proper subjects of
Answer. They who have been quickened by the Spirit, called out of darkness into God's marvellous light, who have repented unto life, believed in Christ unto the salvation of the soul, been brought into sensible union with Christ and been baptized in His name.
Acts.2.41 & 11.18; 1Cor. 5.7-11 & 11.28; Eph. 2.1; Col. 2.6; 1 Pet. 2.9.
Question XCI. What must God's people expect
when they transgress the law of Christ?
Answer. God has declared He will visit their transgressions with the rod, and their iniquities with stripes; therefore they must expect fatherly chastisement.
Psa. 89.30-33; Isa. 26.16; Jer. 31.18-20; Mic. 7.9; Heb. 12.5-13.
Question XCII. Can God's people ever perish
Answer. No; for they shall never perish; but, in spite of sin, Satan, the world and the flesh, shall have everlasting life; for their life is hid with Christ in God, and because He lives, they shall live also.
Jn. 3.14-16 & 10.28-29 & 14.19 & 17.24; Col. 3.3; 1 Pet. 1.5.
Question XCIII. Are men able to obtain these
blessings by works of righteousness?
Answer. No; sin has rendered man hateful in the sight of God's holy law; made the whole head sick and the whole heart faint; killed him to everything that is good; so that by nature he has neither power nor will to come to Christ, the only way of obtaining the blessings of the gospel.
Isa. 1.5-6; Jn. 1.13 & 3.27 & 6.44; Rom. 8.7-8 & 9.16; 1 Cor. 2.14, Eph. 2.8-9; Tit. 3.5.
Question XCIV. Is it no sin for men to
neglect the reading of God's Word and the preaching of the gospel?
Answer. It is a great sin for men to neglect the reading of God's Word; and their neglect of and enmity to the gospel of Christ will add to the everlasting misery of all who have so done, and who die in their sins.
Matt 11.20-24; Jn. 3.18-21 & 5.39-40 & 8.24.
Question XCV. Ought all men to pray?
Answer. All men ought to pray for the things which they feel they need, and which God, in His Word, has promised to give; and it is their sin if they do not.
Isa. 55.6-7; Ezek. 36.37; Luke 18.1; Rom. 12.12; 1 Thess. 5.17; 1 Tim. 2.8.
Question XCVI. What shall be done to the
wicked at their death?
Answer. The souls of the wicked shall, at their death, be cast into the torments of hell and their bodies shall be in their graves till the resurrection, and the judgment of the great day.
Psa. 9.17; Matt. 3.12 & 24.51; Luke 16.23-26; 2 Cor. 5.10; Heb. 6.2 & 9.27; Jude 7.
Question XCVII. What shall be done to the
wicked at the day of judgment?
Answer. At the day of judgment, the bodies of the wicked, being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments and the vengeance of God's righteous displeasure, with the devil and his angels, for ever and ever.
Dan. 12.2; Matt. 10.28 & 13.38-42 & 25.41,46; Jn. 5.29; Rev. 20.11-15 & 21.8.
Question XCVIII. What has God said shall
take place with the elect in this life?
Answer. God has declared that they shall be born again, not of corruptible but of incorruptible seed, by the Word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever; and that He will put His laws into their minds, and write them in their hearts, and He will be their God, and they shall be His people.
Jer. 31.31-34; Ezek. 36.25-27; 1 Pet. 1.23-25.
Question XCIX. Are the elect able to do this
Answer. No; for it is the Spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth nothing.
Jn. 3.1-8,27 & 6.29,63.
Question C. Are not a circumspect walk and a
sound creed sufficient evidences of Christianity?
Answer. No; for men may be beautiful without, and be but as whited sepulchres; and may profess a sound creed, but never feel its power, nor receive the truth in the love of it.
Matt. 15.8-9 & 23.23-28; Rom. 2.28-29; Phil. 3.4-7,18; 2 Thess. 2.10; 2 Tim. 3.5.
Question CI. Where must a poor sinner flee
for refuge from wrath, sin and the law?
Answer. Jesus Christ is the only refuge from the storm and the only foundation for a poor sinner to build his hopes upon.
Deut. 33.27; Psa. 46.1,11 & 62.5-8 & 94.22; Isa. 4.6 & 25.4 & 28.16 & 32.2; 1 Cor. 3.11; Heb. 6.18.
Question CII. But will it not be presumption
for a poor sinner to venture wholly upon Christ for salvation, without bringing a good
heart, or something good, to recommend him to His notice?
Answer. No; it is the privilege of a sensibly poor, helpless, guilty, undone sinner to call upon God in the day of trouble; and He has promised to hear and to deliver him, and he shall glorily Him; "Neither is there salvation in any other, for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."
Psa. 50.15; Isa. 55.1-8; Jn. 7.37; Acts
Question CIII. Is salvation wholly of grace?
Answer. Yes; wholly of grace! without money and without price; for, "by grace are ye saved, through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God."
Isa. 55.1-2; Eph. 2.5,8; 2 Tim. 1.9; Rev.
21.6 & 22.17.
Question CIV. Are God's people to expect
nothing but peace and prosperity in this life?
Answer. In this life, God's people will find a warfare, for the world, flesh and Satan will be continually up in arms against them; so that in this world they must have tribulation; but in Christ, and only in Christ they have peace.
Jn. 14.27 & 16.33; Acts 14.22; Rom. 5.3 & 7.18-19,24; Eph. 6.10-18; 2 Tim. 2.3-4,12; 1 Pet. 5.8-11; Rev. 7.14.
Question CV. How then can they hold out to
the end if the world, flesh and Satan are against them?
Answer. Jesus Christ, as the Captain of their salvation, fights their battles, and they shall be more than conquerors through Him that hath loved them.
Ex. 14.13-14; 2 Chron. 20.17; Rom. 8.31-39; 1 Tim. 6.12; Heb. 2.10.
Question CVI. Do the prayers and offerings
of the elect ascend to the Father, with acceptance, on the ground of their own goodness?
Answer. No; for Christ is the only way of access unto the Father; and the prayers and offerings of His people can only ascend to the Father with acceptance as they are offered up on Christ the altar, that sanctifieth both the gift and the giver; for the Father is well pleased with Him for His righteousness' sake.
Isa. 42.21; Jn. 17.19-20; Eph. 2.18; Heb. 4.14-16 & 7.24-28 & 10.10-12,19-22 & 13.10-15.
Question CVII. What does this teach the
Answer. This teaches the elect that they are to put on the Lord Jesus Christ in all their approaches unto the Father, and to trust only in Him, and not in themselves.
Psa. 40.4 & 62.8 & 125.1; Rom. 13.14; Phil. 3.3; Heb. 4.14-16 & 7.24-27 & 10.19-22.
Question CVIII. What will become of
believers at their death?
Answer. The souls of believers, at their death, shall enter into immortal glory and be with Christ, which is far better; and their bodies shall rest in their graves till the resurrection.
Luke 16.22 & 23.43; 1 Cor. 15; 2 Cor. 5.6-10; Phil. 1.23; 1 Thess. 4.13-18.
Question CIX. What will become of believers
at the resurrection?
Answer. At the resurrection the bodies of believers shall be raised like unto the glorious body of Christ, their Head, and soul and body be for ever with the Lord in that eternal kingdom of felicity which God has prepared for them, where they shall see as they are seen, and know as they are known; and with one immortal tongue sing to the glory of rich, free and sovereign grace, for ever and ever. Amen.
Job 19.25-27; Psa. 17.15; Isa. 25.8 & 26.19; Dan. 12.2; Hos. 13.14; Jn. 5.28-29; 1 Cor. 13.12; 1 Cor. 15; Phil. 3.20-21; 1 Thess. 4.13-18; 1 Jn. 3.1-2; Rev. 5.13-14 & 7.9-17 & 14.1-5.
The Reformed Reader Home Page
Copyright 1999, The Reformed Reader, All Rights Reserved