The Philadelphia Confession, 1742
God hath endued the will of man with
that natural liberty and power of acting upon choice, that it is neither forced, nor by
any necessity of nature determined to do good or evil.1
Man, in his state of innocency had
freedom, and power, to will, and to do, that which was good, and well-pleasing to God;2 but yet was mutable, so that he might fall from it.3
Man, by his fall unto a state of sin,
hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;4 so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good and
dead in sin,5 is not able, by his own strength, to convert
himself or to prepare himself thereunto.6
When God converts a sinner, and
translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin,7 and by His grace alone, enables him freely to will, and do that
which is spiritually good;8 yet so that, by reason of his
remaining corruptions, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth
also will that which is evil.9
The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone in the state of glory only.10
1. Mt 17:12; Jas 1:14; Dt 30:19.
2. Ecc 7:29.
3. Ge 3:6.
4. Ro 5:6; 8:7.
5. Eph 2:1,5.
6. Tit 3:3-5; Jn 6:44.
7. Col 1:13; Jn 8:36.
8. Php 2:13.
9. Ro 7:15,18-19,21,23.
10. Eph 4:13.
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