A Puritan Catechism
With Proofs, Compiled by C. H. Spurgeon, "Heir of the Puritans"
persuaded that the use of a good Catechism in all our families will be a great
safeguard against the increasing errors of the times, and therefore I have
compiled this little manual from the Westminster Assembly's and Baptist
Catechisms, for the use of my own church and congregation. Those who use it in
their families or classes must labour to explain the sense; but the words should
be carefully learned by heart, for they will be understood better as years pass.
May the Lord bless my dear friends and their families evermore, is the prayer of their loving Pastor.
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth (2 Tim. 2:15)
Published about Oct 14, 1855, when Spurgeon was 21 years old. On Oct. 14, Spurgeon preached Sermon No. 46 to several thousand who gathered to hear him at New Park Street Chapel. When the sermon was published it contained an announcement of this catechism. The text that morning was, "Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations" (Ps. 90:1).
1 What is the chief end of man?
2 What rule has God given to direct us how we may glorify him?
3 What do the Scriptures principally teach?
4 What is God?
5 Are there more Gods than one?
6 How many persons are there in the Godhead?
7 What are the decrees of God?
8 How does God execute his decrees?
9 What is the work of creation?
10 How did God create man?
11 What are God's works of providence?
12 What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the state wherein he was created?
13 Did our parents continue in the state wherein they were created?
14 What is sin?
15 Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
16 Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
17 Wherein consists the sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell?
18 What is the misery of that state whereinto man fell?
19 Did God leave all mankind to perish in the state of sin and misery?
20 Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
21 How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
22 What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?
23 How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
24 How does Christ execute the office of a priest?
25 How does Christ execute the office of a king?
26 Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
27 Wherein consists Christ's exaltation?
28 How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
29 How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
30 What is effectual calling?
31 What benefits do they who are effectually called, partake of in this life?
32 What is justification?
33 What is adoption?
34 What is sanctification?
35 What are the benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and
36 What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
37 What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
38 What shall be done to the wicked at their death?
39 What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgment?
40 What did God reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
41 What is the sum of the ten commandments?
42 Which is the first commandment?
43 What is required in the first commandment?
44 Which is the second commandment?
45 What is required in the second commandment?
46 What is forbidden in the second commandment?
47 Which is the third commandment?
48 What is required in the third commandment?
49 Which is the fourth commandment?
50 What is required in the fourth commandment?
51 How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
52 Which is the fifth commandment?
53 What is required in the fifth commandment?
54 What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
55 Which is the sixth commandment?
56 What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
57 Which is the seventh commandment?
58 What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
59 Which is the eighth commandment?
60 What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
61 Which is the ninth commandment?
62 What is required in the ninth commandment?
63 Which is the tenth commandment?
64 What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
65 Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
66 Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
67 What does every sin deserve?
68 How may we escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?
69 What is faith in Jesus Christ?
70 What is repentance to life?
71 What are the outward means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of redemption?
72 How is the Word made effectual to salvation?
73 How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?
74 How do Baptism and the Lord's Supper become spiritually helpful?
75 What is baptism?
76 To whom is Baptism to be administered?
77 Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be baptised?
78 How is baptism rightly administered?
79 What is the duty of such as are rightly baptised?
80 What is the Lord's Supper?
81 What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?
82 What is meant by the words, "until he come," which are used by the apostle Paul in reference to the the Lord's
Questions & Answers
1 Q. What is the chief end of man?
A. Man's chief end is to glorify God (1
Cor. 10:31), and to enjoy him for ever (Ps. 73:25-26).
2 Q.What rule has God given to direct us how we may glorify him?
A. The Word of God which is contained in
the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments (Eph. 2:20; 2 Tim. 3:16) is
the only rule to direct us how we may glorify God and enjoy him (1 Jn.
3 Q.What do the Scriptures principally teach?
A. The Scriptures principally teach what
man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man (2
Tim. 1:13; Eccl. 12:13).
4 Q.What is God?
A. God is Spirit (Jn. 4:24), infinite
(Job 11:7), eternal (Ps. 90:2; 1 Tim. 1:17), and unchangeable (Jas.
1:17) in his being (Exod. 3:14), wisdom, power (Ps. 147:5), holiness
(Rev. 4:8), justice, goodness and truth (Exod. 34:6-7).
5 Q.Are there more Gods than one?
A. There is but one only (Deut. 6:4),
the living and true God (Jer. 10:10).
6 Q.How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A. There are three persons in the
Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are
one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory (1 Jn. 5:7; Matt.
7 Q.What are the decrees of God?
A. The decrees of God are his eternal
purpose according to the counsel of his own will, whereby for his own
glory he has foreordained whatever comes to pass (Eph. 1:11-12).
8 Q.How does God execute his decrees?
A. God executes his decrees in the works
of creation (Rev. 4:11), and providence (Dan. 4:35).
9 Q.What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is God's making
all things (Gen. 1:1) of nothing, by the Word of his power (Heb. 11:3),
in six normal consecutive days (Exod. 20:11), and all very good (Gen.
10 Q.How did God create man?
A. God created man, male and female,
after his own image (Gen. 1:27), in knowledge, righteousness, and
holiness (Col 3:10; Eph. 4:24) with dominion over the creatures (Gen.
11 Q.What are God's works of providence?
A. God's works of providence are his
most holy (Ps. 145:17), wise, (Isa. 28:29) and powerful (Heb. 1:3),
preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions (Ps.
103:19; Matt. 10:29).
12 Q.What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the state wherein he was created?
A. When God had created man, he entered
into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience;
(Gal. 3:12) forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good
and evil, upon pain of death. (Gen. 2:17)
13 Q.Did our first parents continue in the state wherein they were created?
A. Our first parents being left to the
freedom of their own will, fell from the state wherein they were
created, by sinning against God, (Eccl. 7:29) by eating the forbidden
fruit (Gen. 3:6-8).
14 Q.What is sin?
A. Sin is any want of conformity to, or
transgression of the law of God (1 Jn. 3:4).
15 Q.Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam,
not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind descending from
him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his
first transgression (1 Cor. 15:22; Rom. 5:12).
Q.Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into a state
of sin and misery (Rom. 5:18).
16 Q.Wherein consists the sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell?
A. The sinfulness of that state
whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin (Rom.
5:19), the want of original righteousness, (Rom. 3:10) and the
corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin
(Eph. 2:1; Ps. 51:5), together with all actual transgressions which
proceed from it (Matt. 15:19).
17 Q.What is the misery of that state whereinto man fell?
A. All mankind, by their fall, lost
communion with God (Gen. 3:8, 24), are under his wrath and curse (Eph.
2:3; Gal. 3:10), and so made liable to all the miseries in this life, to
death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever (Rom. 6:23; Matt.
18 Q.Did God leave all mankind to perish in the state of sin and misery?
A. God having, out of his good pleasure
from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life (2 Thess. 2:13), did
enter into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of the state of sin
and misery, and to bring them into a state of salvation by a Redeemer
19 Q.Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is
the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Tim. 2:5), who being the eternal Son of God,
became man (Jn. 1:14), and so was and continues to be God and man, in
two distinct natures and one person for ever (1 Tim. 3:16; Col. 2:9).
20 Q.How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ, the son of God, became man by
taking to himself a true body (Heb. 2:14), and a reasonable soul (Matt.
26:38; Heb. 4:15), being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in
the Virgin Mary, and born of her (Lk. 1:31, 35), yet without sin (Heb.
21 Q.What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ as our Redeemer executes the
offices of a prophet (Acts 3:22), of a priest (Heb. 5:6), and of a king
(Ps. 2:6), both in his state of humiliation and exaltation.
22 Q.How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executes the office of a
prophet, in revealing to us (Jn. 1:18), by his Word (Jn. 20:31), and
Spirit (Jn. 14:26), the will of God for our salvation.
23 Q.How does Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executes the office of a
priest, in his once offering up himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine
justice (Heb. 9:28), and to reconcile us to God (Heb. 2:17), and in
making continual intercession for us (Heb. 7:25).
24 Q.How does Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executes the office of a king
in subduing us to himself, (Ps. 110:3) in ruling and defending us (Matt.
2:6; 1 Cor. 15:25), and in restraining and conquering all his and our
25 Q.Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
A. Christ's humiliation consisted in his
being born, and that in a low condition (Lk. 2:7), made under the law
(Gal. 4:4), undergoing the miseries of this life (Isa. 53:3), the wrath
of God (Matt. 27:46), and the cursed death of the cross; (Phil. 2:8) in
being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time (Matt.
26 Q.Wherein consists Christ's exaltation?
A. Christ's exaltation consists in his
rising again from the dead on the third day (1 Cor. 15:4), in ascending
up into heaven, and sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Mk.
16:19), and in coming to judge the world at the last day (Acts 17:31).
27 Q.How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. We are made partakers of the
redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us
(Jn. 1:12) by his Holy Spirit. (Tit. 3:5-6)
28 Q.How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applies to us the
redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us (Eph. 2:8), and
by it uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling (Eph. 3:17).
29 Q.What is effectual calling?
A. Effectual calling is the work of
God's Spirit (2 Tim. 1:9) whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery
(Acts 2:37), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (Acts
26:18), and renewing our wills (Ezek. 36:26), he does persuade and
enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel
30 Q.What benefits do they who are effectually called, partake of in this life?
A. They who are effectually called, do
in this life partake of justification (Rom. 8:30), adoption (Eph. 1:5),
sanctification, and the various benefits which in this life do either
accompany, or flow from them (1 Cor. 1:30).
31 Q.What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free
grace, wherein he pardons all our sins (Rom. 3:24; Eph. 1:7), and
accepts us as righteous in his sight (2 Cor. 5:21) only for the
righteousness of Christ imputed to us (Rom. 5:19), and received by faith
alone (Gal. 2:16; Phil. 3:9).
32 Q.What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God's free
grace (1 Jn. 3:1), whereby we are received into the number, and have a
right to all the privileges of the sons of God (Jn. 1:12; Rom. 8:17).
33 Q.What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is the work of God's
Spirit (2 Thess. 2:13), whereby we are renewed in the whole man after
the image of God (Eph. 4:24), and are enabled more and more to die to
sin, and live to righteousness (Rom. 6:11).
34 Q.What are the benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
A. The benefits which in this life do
accompany or flow from justification (Rom. 5:1-2, 5), are assurance of
God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit (Rom. 14:17),
increase of grace, perseverance in it to the end (Prov. 4:18; 1 Jn.
5:13; 1 Pet. 1:5).
35 Q.What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
A. The souls of believers are at their
death made perfect in holiness (Heb. 12:23 and do immediately pass into
glory, (Phil. 1:23; 2 Cor. 5:8; Lk. 23:43), and their bodies, being
still united to Christ (1 Thess. 4:14), do rest in their graves (Isa.
57:2) till the resurrection (Job 19:26).
36 Q.What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
A. At the resurrection, believers being
raised up in glory (1 Cor. 15:43), shall be openly acknowledged and
acquitted in the day of judgment (Matt. 10:32), and made perfectly
blessed both in soul and body in the full enjoying of God (1 Jn. 3:2) to
all eternity (1 Thess. 4:17).
37 Q.What shall be done to the wicked at their death?
A. The souls of the wicked shall at
their death be cast into the torments of hell (Lk. 16:22-24), and their
bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection, and judgement of the
great day (Ps. 49:14).
38 Q.What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgment?
A. At the day of judgment the bodies of
the wicked being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced,
together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and
his angels for ever (Dan. 12:2; Jn. 5:28-29; 2 Thess. 1:9; Matt. 25:41).
39 Q.What did God reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
A. The rule which God first revealed to
man for his obedience, is the moral law (Deut. 10:4; Matt. 19:17), which
is summarised in the ten commandments.
40 Q.What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A. The sum of the ten commandments is to
love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all
our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves
41 Q.Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, "Thou shalt
have no other gods before me."
42 Q.What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requires us to
know (1 Chron. 28:9) and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and
our God (Deut. 26:17), and to worship and glorify him accordingly (Matt.
43 Q.Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, "Thou
shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing
that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in
the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor
serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the
iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth
generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of
them that love me, and keep my commandments."
44 Q.What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requires the
receiving, observing (Deut. 32:46; Matt. 28:20), and keeping pure and
entire all such religious worship and ordinances as God has appointed in
his Word (Deut. 12:32).
45 Q.What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbids the
worshipping of God by images, (Deut. 4:15-16) or any other way not
appointed in his Word (Col. 2:18).
46 Q.Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, "Thou shalt
not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not
hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain."
47 Q.What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requires the
holy and reverent use of God's names (Ps. 29:2), titles, attributes
(Rev. 15:3-4), ordinances (Eccl. 5:1), Word (Ps. 138:2), and works (Job
36:24; Deut. 28:58-59).
48 Q.Which is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, "Remember
the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all
thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it
thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy
manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor they cattle, nor thy stranger that
is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the
sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the
Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it."
49 Q.What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requires the
keeping holy to God such set times as he has appointed in his Word,
expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself (Lev.
19:30; Deut. 5:12).
50 Q.How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a
holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and
recreations as are lawful on other days (Lev. 23:3), and spending the
whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship (Ps.
92:1-2; Isa. 58:13-14), except so much as is taken up in the works of
necessity and mercy (Matt. 12:11-12).
51 Q.Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, "Honour thy
father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the
Lord thy God giveth thee."
52 Q.What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requires the
preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one
in their various positions and relationships as superiors (Eph. 5:21-22;
Eph. 6:1, 5; Rom. 13:1), inferiors (Eph. 6:9), or equals (Rom. 12:10).
53 Q.What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth
commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity -- as far as it
shall serve for God's glory, and their own good -- to all such as keep
this commandment (Eph. 6:2-3).
54 Q.Which is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, "Thou shalt
55 Q.What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment forbids the
taking away of our own life (Acts 16:28), or the life of our neighbour
unjustly (Gen. 9:6), or whatever tends to it (Prov. 24:11-12).
56 Q.Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, "Thou
shalt not commit adultery."
57 Q.What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbids all
unchaste thoughts (Matt. 5:28; Col. 4:6), words (Eph. 5:4; 2 Tim. 2:22),
and actions (Eph. 5:3).
58 Q.Which is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, "Thou
shalt not steal."
59 Q.What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbids
whatever does or may unjustly hinder our own (1 Tim. 5:8; Prov. 28:19;
Prov. 21:6), or our neighbour's wealth, or outward estate (Eph. 4:28).
60 Q.Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, "Thou shalt
not bear false witness against thy neighbour."
61 Q.What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requires the
maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man (Zech. 8:16), and
of our own (1 Pet. 3:16; Acts 25:10), and our neighbour's good name (3
Jn. 1:12), especially in witness-bearing (Prov. 14:5, 25).
62 Q.What is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt
not covet thy neighbour's house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's
wife, nor his manservant, or his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass,
nor anything that is thy neighbour's."
63 Q.What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment forbids all
discontentment with our own estate (1 Cor. 10:10), envying or grieving
at the good of our neighbour, (Gal. 5:26) and all inordinate emotions
and affections to anything that is his (Col. 3:5).
64 Q.Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
A. No mere man, since the fall, is able
in his life perfectly to keep the commandments of God (Eccl. 7:20), but
does daily break them in thought, (Gen. 8:21) word (Jas. 3:8), and deed
65 Q.Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by
reason of various aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God
than others (Jn. 19:11; 1 Jn. 5:15).
66 Q.What does every sin deserve?
A. Every sin deserves God's wrath and
curse, both in this life and that which is to come (Eph. 5:6; Ps. 11:6).
67 Q.How may we escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God
due to us for sin, we must believe in the Lord Jesus Christ (Jn. 3:16),
trusting alone to his blood and righteousness. This faith is attended by
repentance for the past (Acts 20:21) and leads to holiness in the
68 Q.What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving
grace (Heb. 10:39), whereby we receive (Jn. 1:12), and rest upon him
alone for salvation (Phil. 3:9), as he is set forth in the gospel (Isa.
69 Q.What is repentance to life?
A. Repentance to life is a saving grace
(Acts 11:18), whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sins (Acts
2:37), and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ (Joel 2:13), does
with grief and hatred of his sin turn from it to God (Jer. 31:18-19),
with full purpose to strive after new obedience (Ps. 119:59).
72 Q.What are the outward means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means
whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of Christ's
redemption, are the Word, by which souls are begotten to spiritual life;
Baptism, the Lord's Supper, Prayer, and Meditation, by all which
believers are further edified in their most holy faith (Acts 2:41-42;
73 Q.How is the Word made effectual to salvation?
A. The Spirit of God makes the reading,
but especially the preaching of the Word, an effectual means of
convicting and converting sinners, (Ps. 19:7) and of building them up in
holiness and comfort (1 Thess. 1:6), through faith to salvation (Rom.
74 Q.How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?
A. That the Word may become effectual to
salvation, we must attend to it with diligence (Prov. 8:34), preparation
(1 Pet. 2:1-2), and prayer (Ps 119:18), receive it with faith (Heb.
4:2), and love (2 Thess. 2:10), lay it up into our hearts (Ps. 119:11),
and practise it in our lives (Jas. 1:25).
75 Q.How do Baptism and the Lord's Supper become spiritually helpful?
A. Baptism and the Lord's Supper become
spiritually helpful, not from any virtue in them, or in him who does
administer them (1 Cor. 3:7; 1 Pet. 3:21), but only by the blessing of
Christ (1 Cor. 3:6), and the working of the Spirit in those who by faith
receive them (1 Cor. 12:13).
76 Q.What is Baptism?
A. Baptism is an ordinance of the New
Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ (Matt. 28:19), to be to the person
baptised a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, and burial,
and resurrection (Rom. 6:3; Col. 2:12), of his being ingrafted into him
(Gal. 3:27), of remission of sins (Mk. 1:4; Acts 22:16), and of his
giving up himself to God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in
newness of life (Rom. 6:4-5).
77 Q.To whom is Baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is to be administered to all
those who actually profess repentance towards God (Acts 2:38; Matt. 3:6;
Mk. 16:16; Acts 8:12, 36-37; Acts 10:47-48), and faith in our Lord Jesus
Christ, and to none other.
78 Q.Are the infants of such as are professing to be baptised?
A. The infants of such as are professing
believers are not to be baptised, because there is neither command nor
example in the Holy Scriptures for their baptism (Exod. 23:13; Prov.
79 Q.How is baptism rightly administered?
A. Baptism is rightly administered by
immersion, or dipping the whole body of the person in water (Matt. 3:16;
Jn. 3:23), in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
Spirit, according to Christ's institution, and the practice of the
apostles (Matt. 28:19-20), and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or
dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men (Jn. 4:1-2;
80 Q.What is the duty of such as are rightly baptized?
A. It is the duty of such as are rightly
baptized, to give up themselves to some particular and orderly Church of
Jesus Christ (Acts 2:47; 9:26; 1 Pet. 2:5), that they may walk in all
the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Lk. 1:6).
81 Q.What is the Lord's Supper?
A. The Lord's Supper is an ordinance of
the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ; wherein, by giving and
receiving bread and wine, according to his appointment, his death is
shown forth (1 Cor. 11:23-26), and the worthy receivers are, not after a
corporeal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body
and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and
growth in grace (1 Cor. 10:16).
82 Q.What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?
A. It is required of them who would
worthily partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves of
their knowledge to discern the Lord's body (1 Cor. 11:28-29), of their
faith to feed upon him (2 Cor. 13:5), of their repentance (1 Cor.
11:31), love (1 Cor. 11:18-20), and new obedience, (1 Cor. 5:8) lest
coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves (1 Cor.
83 Q.What is meant by the words, "until he come," which are used by the apostle Paul in reference to the Lord's Supper?
A. They plainly teach us that our Lord Jesus Christ will come a second time; which is the joy and hope of all believers (Acts 1:11 1 Thess. 4:16).
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