committed to historic Baptist & Reformed beliefs







time-line of baptist history



  • Balthazar Hubmeyer fully embraced Protestantism.


  • The Anabaptist Movement begins in Germany under the leadership of Thomas Müntzer. Prior to being called Anabaptists in Germany, they were briefly known as Catabaptists, referring to the Swiss Anabaptists by Zwingli and Oecolampadius in their Latin writings. It did not, however, succeed in displacing "Anabaptist," which became the standard term. It is an original Greek word translated into Latin, not found in German or English.


  • Felix Mantz was a native of Zurich, and had received a liberal education. Having early adopted the principles of the Reformation, he became an intimate friend of Zuingli (Zwingli) and other Swiss Reformers. He began to doubt the scriptural authority of infant-baptism, and of the Church constitution which then existed at Zurich, and he suffered imprisonment in consequence. After this he preached in the fields and woods, whither the people flocked in crowds to hear him, and there he baptized those who professed faith.

  • Balthazar Hubmeyer returned to Ratisbon, and continued there a year, propagating the principles of the Reformation. When he resumed his residence at Waldshut, he formed an acquaintance with the Swiss reformers, particularly Zuingli and Ecolampadius, and enjoyed frequent opportunities of intercourse with them.


  • Swiss Anabaptists broke with Zwingli.

  • Baptism of Hubmäier.

  • Peasants Revolt led by Thomas Müntzer.

  • The (Radical) AnaBaptist's bible meetings and antipaedobaptist views were condemended by Zwingli and the Zurich city council. In defiance, on the 25 January, the Radicals formed the first congregation of believers through baptism (by pouring


  • Felix Mantz was drowned at Zurich for violating the magistrate's order against re-baptizing. As he came down from the Wellenberg to the fish market,” says Bullinger, “and was led through the shambles to the boat, he praised God that he was about to die for His truth.


  • Jacob Falk and Heine Reyman were drowned for violating the Zurich's magistrate's order against re-baptizing.

  • Balthazar Hubmeyer was arrested, probably at Brunn, where he was teacher off the church, at the command of King Ferdinand, and sent to Vienna. After some days he was thrown into the dungeons of the castle of Gritsenstein. After having been sentenced to death, He steadfastly went to the scaffold, and on the 10th of March, from the midst of burning flames and embers, his spirit ascended to that region where those that have come out of great tribulation suffer and weep no more.


  • Anneken of Friburg, a Christian woman, was drowned, and her body was afterwards burnt for violating the Zurich's magistrate's order against re-baptizing.
    Louis Hetzer, another Baptist minister, was beheaded at Constance, on the 4th of February. He also had been on intimate terms with Zwingli, Ecolampadius, and their associates, and was highly esteemed by them till he became a Baptist.


  • The persecution was so fierce in Germany and Switzerland, that there seemed to be no safety but in emigration. Many thousands of Baptists, inhabitants of the Tyrol, Switzerland, Austria, Styria, and Bavaria, emigrated under the leadership of Jacob Hutter, and settled in Moravia.


  • Ferdinand, King of Bohemia, ordered the expulsion of the Baptists in Moravia, and sent a military force to carry the order into effect. Their property was seized, and all the indulgence they could obtain was liberty to carry away their movables. They withdrew into the forests, and there lived as they could, worshipped God, and possessed their souls in patience. Hutter exhorted and comforted them. Be ye thankful unto God,” he said, that ye are counted worthy to suffer persecutions and cruel exile for His name.


  • Menno Simons became leader of Dutch Anabaptists.


  • Efforts made to expel Anabaptists from England.


  • King Edward issues a commission to Archbishop "to search after all Baptists", and under that condition the celebrated Joan of Kent, who was a Baptist, was burnt on May 2nd. Several others shared the same fate (Baptist Children's Magazine and Youth's Missionary Repository, Vol. III, p.102, 1853).


  • In the seventeenth year of Elizabeth's reign, a congregation of them (Baptists) was found without (outside) Aldgate, London, of whom some were banished, twenty-seven were imprisoned, and two were burnt to death in Smithfield. John Fox, the celebrated author of Book of Martyrs, penned a most eloquent letter to the Queen on their behalf; but in vain (Baptist Children's Magazine and Youth's Missionary Repository, Vol. III, p.103, 1853).


  • A royal proclamation was issued, in which it was ordained that all Baptists, and other heretics, should leave the land; but they seemed to gather fortitude, for some formed themselves into separate societies (Baptist Children's Magazine and Youth's Missionary Repository, Vol. III, p.104, 1853).

The Reformed Reader Home Page 

Copyright 1999, The Reformed Reader, All Rights Reserved