24 Baptist Churches in America.
Birth of Separate Baptists–revivalistic.
In the north, Separate Baptists merged with older Baptist
churches and in the south, Separate Baptists remained separate.
English General Baptists who had settled in the Province of
Carolina requested help from the General Baptists in England.
After the Keithians had all but dissolved any assembly, John
Hart and many former Keithians became Baptists. Hart joined
Pennypack Baptist Church, in lower Dublin township (PA), and was
made assistant minister and became as satisfactory a preacher
among the Baptists as he had among the Quakers.
Organization of Original Freewill Baptists in Virginia and North
The first Baptist congregation in North Carolina forms as Shiloh
Church, in Chowan Precinct.
Twenty-Eight Baptists Jailed for Refusal to Pay Clergy Tax –
Bristol, Mass., March 20.
Baptists, Quakers Exempted from Tax to Support Clergy –Boston,
Mass., May 10.
Progress of Baptists Alarms Governor of North Carolina – Shiloh,
N. C., October 12.
Rev. George Whitefield preaches in Philadelphia, Pa starting
America’s first Great Awakening.
Rev. Whitefield preaches in Williamsburg, VA invited by Anglican
preacher James Blair.
Division of American Baptists into Regular and Separate Baptists
as a result of differences over the Great Awakening, (date
Isaac Backus was converted during the Great Awakening under the
preaching of Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College.
July 8, Jonathan Edwards preached his classic sermon, 'Sinners
in the Hands of an Angry God,' a key step in the beginning of
New England's Great Awakening.
The Philadelphia Baptist Association adopted the Calvinistic
1689 Baptist Confession from London with two additions, the
laying on of hands and the singing of Psalms, and became the
Philadelphia Baptist Confession of Faith in 1742.
Baptist Churches Split over Revival Practices – Philadelphia,
Pa., January 5.
Connecticut Passes Laws to Keep Out Evangelists – Hartford,
Conn., June 1.
Shubal Stearns' church became involved in the controversy over
the proper subjects of baptism. Soon, Stearns rejected infant
baptism and sought baptism at the hands of Wait Palmer, Baptist
minister of Stonington, Connecticut.
The Separate Baptist movement migrated south in 1754, largely
through the labors and influence of Shubal Stearns and Daniel
The two ministers worked for a while in Virginia with Baptists
connected to the Philadelphia Association prior to moving on.
The Reverend Shubal Stearns leads a group of 15 Separate
Baptists from Connecticut to Orange County and establishes Sandy
Creek Baptist Church, the "mother of Southern Baptist churches."
The Separate Baptist movement in the South established itself
first in north-central North Carolina as a result of the coming
to that area in 1755 of a small colony of Baptist from
Connecticut who themselves had been awakened spiritually in
connection with the revivalism of English evangelist George
Whitfield and ended December 31, 1776.
January 16th, Isaac Backus formed the first Baptist church in
Middleborough. Backus would have stayed with the Separates, but
when he changed his views on baptism, his congregation grew cold
Sandy Creek Association created in North Carolina. It became the
epicenter of the Separate Baptist revival in the South, spawning
42 churches and 125 ministers within 17 years.
One of the first recorded black congregations is organized on
the plantation of William Byrd in Mecklenburg, Virginia.
The Montgomery Baptist Church in Montgomery Township, Montgomery
County, Pennsylvania released John Marks on August 12, 1761 to
go to Virginia where he and a man by the name of David Thomas
organized the Broad Run Baptist Church on December 2, 1762.
Founding of the College of Rhode Island by Baptists, now known
as Brown University.
When the First Baptist Church of Philadelphia refused to allow
women to participate in the election of deacons, the women held
a separate meeting and framed a vigorous protest. They pointed
out that they had voted since the church's founding in 1698.
The men pointed out that they had no political voice in society
and, therefore, should have none in the church (Southern Baptist
Sisters: in Search of Status, 1845-2000 by David T. Morgan).
Warren Association was organized with particular reference to
the large and influential Separate Baptist interest, and not
without reference also to the General Baptists, who had held the
ground before the arrival of the Separates.
"New Connection" (Connexion) Free Grace General Baptist Assembly
organized in England.
Morgan Edwards published the first of a proposed twelve-volume
series on American Baptist history, Materials Toward a History
of the Baptists in Pennsylvania. By doing so, Edwards became the
first Baptist historian in America.
Baptists agree to establish Virginia General Baptist
Twelve Virginia Separate churches, standing apart from other
kinds of Baptists, organized their “General Association of the
Separate Baptists in Virginia”.
The first session of the Virginia Separate Baptist Association
was held at Craig's Meeting-house in Orange county in May.
Delegates from fourteen churches were present, representing
thirteen hundred and eighty-five members.
c.1773-1775, Plantation slave preacher George Liele, the first
black Baptist in Georgia, founds the Silver Bluff Baptist Church
in Silver Bluff, South Carolina. The congregation includes free
and enslaved blacks. One of Liele's original followers, Andrew
Bryan, goes on to become ordained by the Baptist Church in 1788,
and founds the Bryan Street African Baptist Church, which is
later renamed the First African Baptist Church of Savannah.
Patrick Henry Wins Freedom for Jailed Baptist Preacher –
Chesterfield, Va., October 20.
The Baptists analogized their persecution to that of Americans
by the British, Isaac Backus and other New England Baptist
leaders protested, even taking their plea to the First
Because of Baptist oppression, James Manning, President of
College of Rhode Island, was a firm supporter of the colonial
stance against Parliament but advocated loyalty to the Crown
until just before the war, hoping that the king might come to
the rescue of New England dissenters.
Baptists grew from 494 congregations to 1,152.
The first German Baptist (Dunker) congregation in the state
forms near Muddy Creek in present-day Forsyth County, (date
July 29, The American Army began employing chaplains, making
theirs the oldest branch of army after the Infantry.
Black Baptist churches organize in the Virginia cities of
Williamsburg and Petersburg.
Separate Baptist Revival of the South; Began: Wed, Jan 1, 1755,
Ended: Tue, Dec 31, 1776.
Constitution date listed in John Asplund's 1794 Baptist Register
for “Negro Baptist Church - York and James City Counties”.
The First Baptist Church of Manchester was formally organized on
June 22, 1781 under the name “The Church of Jesus Christ in
Manchester” by Elder Nathan Mason and a delegation from the
Baptist Church of Lanesborough, Massachusetts. The fellowship
that signed the sixteen articles of faith drawn up as a covenant
were one hundred and ten members from Manchester and eighty-two
Severn's Valley, constituted June 18, 1781. Members 37.
George Liele is considered to be the first American missionary.
As pastor of the First African Church of Savannah, Ga., hearing
that the British were declaring peace with the colonies, Liele
indentured himself to a British officer in order not to be
re-enslaved by his former master's heirs. He and his family
moved to Kingston, Jamaica. After two years he had paid back his
indenture and was able to devote all his energy to preaching.
With four other former American slaves, he formed the First
African Baptist Church of Kingston. In 10 years the church grew
to over 500 members.
John Ryland baptized William Carey in the River Nene and Carey
later joined a Baptist church in Olney. 30 years later Ryland
wrote the following: "On October 5, 1783, I baptized in the
Nene, just beyond Dodridge's meeting house, a poor journeyman
shoemaker, little thinking that before 9 years elapsed he would
prove the first instrument of forming a society for sending
missionaries from England to the heathen world, and much less
that later he would become professor of languages in an Oriental
College, and the translator of the Scriptures into 11 different
The Baptist General Association of Virginia was dissolved and
replaced by a General Committee made up of delegates from the
The Georgia Baptist Association, the state’s first, is formed.
Baptist General Committee meetings met to discuss grievances
having to do with religious liberty.
Jefferson’s Statute for Religious Liberty was adopted by the
General Assembly (Baptist General Association of Virginia), and
Virginia became the first state to establish by statute the
separation of church and state.
The minutes of the Broad Run Baptist Church (Abbeville County,
SC) state that on October the 25th several families including
the Shurley's and the Foster's where dismissed to go south.
These families traveled to Abbeville County, South Carolina and
the Turkey Creek Baptist Church was organized on January the
29th in 1785.
Baptists held aloof from the Great Awakening, but thousands of
converted Congregationalists turned Baptist and these Separate
Baptists won the South. In Virginia, Regular and Separate
Baptists, having co-operated in a successful struggle for
religious liberty, united in 1785. Widespread revivals after the
Revolution brought multitudes into their ranks. Religious
enthusiasm and dearth of educated ministers caused hundreds of
illiterates to enter the ministry and a widespread aversion to
educated ministers and to every form of denominational work
William Carey is called to the ministry at Olney, August 10.
The first Baptist association in Tennessee, the Holston
Association, was founded at the Cherokee Church by several
churches which had previously identified themselves with the
Sandy Creek Association in North Carolina. The association
linked churches for fellowship, discipline, and doctrinal
The General Assembly of General Baptists in England sent a
petition to Parliament in behalf of abolition of slavery.
William Carey was formally ordained to the gospel ministry.
Regular and Separate Baptists in Virginia formed a union,
adopting the name "United Baptist Churches of Christ in
Virginia." In course of time similar unions were formed in most
of the other states in which the southern branch of the Separate
Baptists had organizations. A few Separate Baptist churches,
however, refused to join in this movement, and they have
maintained distinct organizations until the present time.
Andrew Marshall, an African-American, is ordained as pastor of
the First Colored Church in Savannah.
The earliest church organization among them (colored Baptists)
was the First African Baptist Church of Savannah, Ga.,
instituted January 20, 1788, at Brampton's barn, three miles
west of Savannah, by Abraham Marshall (white) and Jesse Peter
The Middle District Association (Baptist General Association of
Virginia) divided, resulting in the constitution of the Roanoke
Association (since 1926 called the Pittsylvania). Seventeen
churches formerly associated with the Middle District joined
with three North Carolina churches in organizing the new
May 31, The first General Baptist sermon in Derby (United
Kingdom) was delivered in the open air, on Willow Row, by Rev.
Baptists had grown to 979 churches.
Prince Williams, a freed slave from South Carolina, went to
Nassau, Bahamas, where he started Bethel Meeting House. In 1801
he and other Blacks organized the Society of Anabaptists. At age
70 Williams erected St. John's Baptist church and pastored there
until he died at age 104. Subsequently, 164 Baptist churches
were planted in the Bahamas.
William Carey and others found The Particular Baptist Society
for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen (later named the
Baptist Missionary Society) at Kettering.
William Carey writes Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians
to use means for the conversion of the heathen.
May 30, William Carey preached the Missionary Sermon that
founded the Baptist Missionary Society at Friar Lane Baptist
Andrew Fuller was appointed the first Secretary and William
Carey, bound for India, the first missionary.
The birth of Conventionism is traced to Kettering, England, in
October 1792, when the English.
Baptist Missionary Society was formed, for the purpose of
"spreading the Gospel among the heathen nations. Andrew Fuller
was appointed the first Secretary and William Carey, bound for
India, the first missionary.
David George left the Silver Bluff, S.C. Baptist Church - the
first Black Baptist church in America - to go to Nova Scotia and
minister to exiled Blacks there. Later, in 1792, he traveled
with 12,000 Black settlers to Sierra Leone, West Africa where
Great Britain had established a city of refuge for former
slaves. About the same time, Brother Amos, from the Savannah
church, sailed for the Bahamas and settled in New Providence,
where he planted a church that grew to 850 members by 1812.
William Carey and Dr. John Thomas were appointed Baptist
missionaries to India by the British Society for the
Evangelization of the Heathen.
In 1793, there were only three (known) Baptist ministers west of
Albany. By 1798, fifteen were laboring. Nearly all were
connected with the Otsego Association.
William Carey Baptized a Portuguese, his first convert.
August 28, William Ward was baptised at George Street Baptist
Formation of English Baptist Home Mission Society.
Baptist Itinerant society formed.
John Leland speaks on abolition of slavery.
Formation of Baptist Union of Wales.
May 24, William Ward embarks on the American sailing ship
'Criterion' for Serampore, India for missionary work.