committed to historic Baptist & Reformed beliefs







time-line of baptist history


  • At least 48 Baptist Associations existed and became interested in foreign missions.
    January 10, William Carey moved to Serampore.

  • December 28, Baptized Krishna Pal, first Bengali convert.

  • William Carey elected Professor of Sanskrit and Bengali languages in Williams College.


  • William Carey completes the New Testament in Bengali, February 7.

  • The General Association of General Baptists dates to the work of Benoni Stinson. He was a member of a United Baptist group formed in Kentucky by the union of Separate Baptists and Regular Baptists. These United Baptists adopted an article of faith that allowed Arminian preaching, which emphasized free will, not predestination.


  • Organization of Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society, the first state convention to be organized in America.

  • The principles of Conventionism were borrowed from our English Baptist Brethren and born in America, when the Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society was organized to "extend the influence of the Gospel. Article IV states: The object of this society shall be to furnish occasional preaching and to promote the knowledge of evangelic truth in the new settlements within these United States; or farther if circumstances should render it proper.

  • General Conference of Seventh Day Baptists created.

  • The First African Church multiplied until 1802, when on the 26th of December the Second Baptist Church, Savannah, GA, (colored) was organized with two hundred members.


  • The Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society votes to publish a missionary magazine now known as The American Baptist, the oldest surviving religious magazine in the U.S.

  • William Carey, self-supporting missionary organization founded.


  • Isaac Backus dies, November 20th.

  • Mississippi Baptist Association organized (preliminary).


  • Doctor of Divinity conferred to William Carey by Brown University of U.S.A.

  • William Carey becomes a member of Bengali Asiatic Society.


  • Organization of the Baptist Church of Christ in Tennessee.

  • William Carey publishes New Testament in Sanskrit.


  • William Carey completes translation of Bible in Bengali, June 24.

  • Adoniram Judson, the same year he joined the Congregational church, became burdened to become a missionary. He found some friends from Williams College with the same burden and often met with them at a haystack on the college grounds to earnestly pray for the salvation of the heathen and petition God to open doors of ministry as missionaries to them. That spot has been marked as the birthplace of missions in America.


  • Robert B. Semple publishes "A History of The Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia".

  • Adoniram Judson helped form the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Misions.


  • William Carey publishes New Testament in Marathi.

  • American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions appointed Judson a missionary to the east.


  • Adoniram and Ann Judson (after having only been married for 2 weeks) along with Samuel and Harriet Newell sailed for India on the Caravan.

  • A Congregationalist and paedo-Baptist, Adoniram was convinced believer's baptism was the only Biblically correct view and was converted. His wife, Ann was not immediately convinced but later was.

  • Jacob Bowers is converted. Two years later, Jacob became a Baptist minister. In his long, hardworking life, he rode over forty thousand miles carrying the gospel to others, organizing churches and ordaining new ministers. He had to overcome serious opposition from Baptists opposed to mission work.


  • Organization of General Union of Baptist Ministers and Churches in England, forerunner of Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland.

  • Luther Rice was an appointed Congregational missionary, who like his contemporary. Arrives in Georgia to promote foreign missions.

  • Adoniram Judson, became a convinced Baptist after leaving America. After his baptism in Calcutta, Rice set sail back to America for the purpose of gathering support for the mission effort among Baptists.

  • Adoniram and Ann (Nancy) Judson were forced to leave Madras, India and boarded the only ship in harbor ready to sail, which was bound for Rangoon, Burma; they arrived at that port July 13, 1813. It would be 6 years before they would baptize their first convert.

  • Conversion of Adoniram Judson to Baptist principles.


  • Formation of the Triennial Convention (General Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions) in Philadelphia. Convened in order to pool resources for the support of Baptist foreign missionaries Luther Rice and Adoniram Judson. A completely voluntary organization that exercised no control over matters of theology. Its sole purpose was he financial support of foreign missions, and upporters of its work could be found in local churches nd associations throughout Southern and Northern tates. In response to appeals made by Luther Rice, among American Baptists, to raise support for Adoniram Judson in India, "The General Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions" was organized May 1814 at Philadelphia. Because this convention met every three years, it came to be known as "The Triennial Convention".

  • Organization of the Irish Missionary Society.

  • American Baptist Home Mission Society.

  • American Baptist Publication Society.

  • First recorded baptism of a Chinese convert, Cai Gao; American Baptist Foreign Mission Society formed.

  • Netherlands Bible Society founded; four Native Americans from beyond the Rocky Mountains come east to St. Louis seeking information on the "palefaces' religion".

  • First missionaries arrive in New Zealand led by Samuel Marsden.

  • First recorded baptism of a Chinese convert, Cai Gao.

  • Lott Carey, a Black Baptist missionary, sails with 28 colleagues from Norfolk, VA to Sierra Leone.


  • Lott Carey was born a slave in Virginia. He became pastor of the 800-member African Baptist Church in Richmond, Va., and in 1815 led in the formation of the Richmond African Baptist Missionary Society. After collecting $700, Carey and his wife sailed for Sierra Leone in 1821 and established a mission among the mandingoes. He dies in 1828 during a battle with inhabitants in Liberia. Carey is credited with being the first American missionary to Africa.

  • William Carey publishes New Testament in Punjabi.


American Bible Society founded.


  • Organization of the Church of God by John Winebrenner in Philadelphia.
    Peck and Welch sent out as home missionaries to the Middle West by the Triennial Convention.

  • James Thompson begins distributing Bibles throughout Latin America.
    General Baptist Missionary Society formed.

  • The Mississippi Baptist Association convened with Bogue Chitto church, Pike county, October 18th to 21st. David Cooper preached the opening sermon from II Timothy, 2:15. Letters from thirty-one churches were received and read. The moderator and clerk were David Cooper and Benjamin Davis. Five churches asked for admission, as follows: Vermion, New Chapel, Canaan, Green's Creek and the First Church of Natchez. A. Harper and H. Tilman were from New Chapel; J. Stringer and W. Cooper from Green's Creek, while B. Davis and N. Robinson came from Natchez. No names are given from Vermion and Canaan. The Lord's day services were conducted by Elders Scarborough, Davis, Ranaldson and Courtney.


  • Founding of Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution in New York.

  • William Carey publishes Old Testament in Sanskrit.

  • Mississippi Baptist Association meeting was with New Providence church, Amite county, commencing October 17th. Elder Josiah Flowers delivered the first sermon, his text being Matt. 16: 17, 18. Thirty-one churches were represented, and eight others received, as follows: Pinckneyville, Sharon, Dilling's Creek, Beulah, Bala Chitto, Silver Creek, east of Pearl river, Friendship and New Orleans. The messengers were: T. Hunter and J. Ellsberry, from Pinckneyville; J. A. Ranaldson and E. Estes, from Sharon; J, P. Martin and J. Barnes, from Dilling's Creek; H. Bond and William Cook, from Bala Chitto; William Sparks and William Stamps, from Silver Creek, east of Pearl; T. Matthews, from Beulah; N.Williams, from Friendship, and B. Davis, from New Orleans.


  • Organization of the first Baptist church in France.

  • June 27, Judson baptized the first Burmese believer, Moung Nau. Judson jotted in his journal: "Oh, may it prove to be the beginning of a series of baptisms in the Burman empire which shall continue in uninterrupted success to the end of the age."


  • William Carey publishes Marathi Old Testament.

  • Charles Finney and the Second Great Awakenings.


  • The Sabbath Recorder (Seventh Day Baptist) created, an unbroken publication since 1844.

  • Serampore college opened (William Carey).


  • The Georgia Baptist Convention is organized on June 29.


  • Organization in Washington, D. C. of the Baptist General Tract Society, now known as the American Baptist Publication Society.


  • Founding of Newton Theological Institution near Boston, oldest Baptist Seminary in America.

  • William Carey Completes Dictionary of Bengali and English.

  • The Bethel Baptist Association, located in and around Logan County, Kentucky, was formed in answer to a controversy. A contentious spirit of disagreement had lately begun to enter the Red River Association concerning the issues of limited atonement and the preaching of the gospel to the unregenerate.


  • Origin of Old Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists, (date approximate).
    Government gave William Carey "Grant in Aid" for education.

  • The Division of the Red River Association, written by a committee of the following: Reuben Ross, Pastor of Spring Creek West Fork, William Tandy, ordained Minister of Bethel, Sugg Fort, pastor of Red River.

  • William Cathcart (Baptist Historian, author) was born in the County of Londonderry, in the north of Ireland, November 8.


  • Thomas Walsh becomes the first recorded recipient of an educational scholarship from the Georgia Baptist Convention.

  • Campbellites and Separate Baptists division in Auburn Baptist Church, Cannon County, TN. Although combined at the beginning, divided and held separate services. Elder Clark Hubbard and others went over to the Campbellites while the United Baptists (as the Regular Baptists were then called) remained with Salem Association and Separatists affiliated with Concord No. 2 of Separate Baptists.


  • Suttee (former Indian funeral practice in which the widow immolated herself on her husband’s funeral pyre) prohibited thru William Carey's efforts, December 4.

  • As early as December 26, 1829, John Smith, James Smith, Charles Polk, David Patrick, Rhoda Shields and Mary Ross met for consultation concerning the organization of a Baptist church. As a result of this preliminary meeting, these same parties and probably others, met on February 20, 1830, and perfected an organization, assisted by John Knight and John Lemon from Deer Creek Baptist church, and Elder Samuel Arthur of Wea church. James Smith was chosen permanent moderator and Charles Polk, clerk of the church. The name, Eel River Baptist church, was adopted, often designated as the First Baptist church. Meetings were held in private houses and the Old Seminary, a brick structure, the first public building erected in Logansport, on the northeast corner of Market and Fourth streets. Elder .James Smith administered to the spiritual wants of the society once or twice a month at these meetings, assisted by Elder William Berry, until 1838, when Elder William Corbin was employed. The latter continued with the congregation until his death, November 8. 1841, only thirty-two years of age. His wife died the month previous and both lie at rest in the old cemetery.

  • The great need of the Baptists was an educated ministry. Many of their most vigorous and aggressive ministers had gone over to the Reformers. A number of the enterprising ministers and laymen of the Baptist persuasion petitioned the state legislature, in January, 1829, for a charter incorporating a board of trustees called ''The Kentucky Baptist Educational Society." This charter was granted. The society had in view the establishment of a college under the control of Kentucky Baptists.


  • Alexander Campbell drew many Baptist Churches into the Disciples of Christ.

  • The Executive Committee of the Georgia Baptist Convention is chartered.


  • Organization of Adventists by William Miller.


  • The American Baptist Home Mission Society was organized in the Meeting House of the Mulberry Street Baptist Church, New York, New York, on Friday April 27, 1832, during an adjournment of the Triennial Convention. Article II of its Constitution states: "The great object of the Society shall be to promote the preaching of the Gospel in North America," H. C. Vedder in "A Short History of the Baptists" (page 328) states: ...During its earliest years, Elder Peck [John Mason Peck] was the Home Mission Society in the West - its visible embodiment, its chief advisor, and local executive ...
    William Knibb's agitation against the slave traffic in the British Colonial Empire.

  • The Baptist Irish Society and British and Irish Baptist Home Mission formed.
    Adoniram Judson translates the New Testament into Burmese.


  • New Hampshire Confession written to combat the Arminianism of Free-will Baptists.
    Baptist work in Thailand begins with John Taylor Jones.

  • Free-Will Baptist Foreign Missionary Society begins work in India.
    The Christian Index moves to Georgia.


  • Organization of the first Australian Baptist church in Sydney.

  • William Carey died at age 73 on June 9. He was surrounded by Jabez and William Carey (his sons) who were both also missionaries as well as Jonathan Carey who had finally gotten saved after much prayers by his father.

  • Adoniram Judson completes a translation of the whole Bible into the Burmese language.

  • In October 1834, twenty-two members of the Rogers Crossroads Baptist Church, which is now Wake Crossroads Baptist Church, left their church (in good standing) to constitute a regular Baptist church in Rolesville. On December 26, 1834, a presbytery consisting of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Wait, the Rev. Amos J. Battle, and the Rev. John Armstrong met with the twenty-two dismissed members of the Rogers Crossroads Church in Rolesville. The Rev. John Armstrong delivered the first sermon. The Rev. Dr. Samuel Wait, of Wake Forest College, gave the prayer of blessing and extended the welcoming right hand of fellowship to the members of the newly constituted church.


  • Organization of the Primitive Baptists in New York and Pennsylvania.

  • Appointment of Oneken as an agent for the Triennial Convention in Germany.
    North Carolina Baptist State Convention appoints a committee “to consider the establishment of a female seminary of high order.”

  • Finney's Lectures on Revivals.


  • The Providence Missionary Baptist District Association was formed, one of at least six national organizations among African American Baptist whose sole objective was African missions.

  • Plymouth Brethren begin work in Madras, India.

  • George Müller begins his work with orphans in Bristol, England.

  • The Providence Missionary Baptist District Association is formed, one of at least six national organizations among African Baptists whose sole objective was missionary work in Africa.


  • Organization of the American and Foreign Bible Society in Philadelphia by Baptists.


  • Thomas Meredith, founder of the Biblical Recorder, calls for an institution to provide "a first-rate course of female education."


  • Organization of the first Danish Baptist church.


  • Formation of the Bible Translation Society in England.

  • The Convention accepts ownership of The Christian Index.

  • Rev. Isaac McCoy, a Baptist clergyman, published "History of Baptist Indian Missions; embracing remarks on the former and present condition of the aboriginal tribes, their settlement within the Indian Territory, and their future prospects.


  • Organization of the first Lithuanian Baptist church under Oncken's guidance.

  • Campbellites and Separate Baptists who divided in 1827 at the Auburn Baptist Church, reunited into one body representing the Concord Association.

  • Micajah Cicero Barnett was pastor of the Gilead Baptist Church (Grindal Shoals, Union Co., South Carolina 1770 – 1870) in 1863 and continued in this capacity through 1866. He was ordained to the gospel ministry by the Cedar Spring Baptist Church in Spartanburg County, S. C., on December 24, 1842.


  • American and Foreign Free Baptist Missionary Society organized by abolitionists in Boston.

  • A Baptist pastor from Vermont named William Miller calculated that Christ's second coming would occur this year. He later revised the date to 1844. The Seventh Day Adventist church started from these false predictions.

  • Baptist John Taylor Jones translates New Testament into Siamese.

  • B. H. Carroll, pastor of the First Baptist church, Waco, Texas, and associate editor of the Texas Baptist, was born December, in Carroll Co., Miss.


  • Baptists split North and South, never re-united.

  • On May 8, 1845 about 293 Baptist leaders of the South, met in the First Baptist Church, Augusta, Georgia and organized the Southern Baptist Convention. While this division between Northern and Southern Baptists was several years in the making, the final catalyst came in 1844, when Georgia Baptists were refused an appointment for a missionary, who was a slaveholder. Later that same year, Alabama Baptists asked if the American Baptist Home Mission Society would appoint a slaveholder as Missionary, the answer was no. This resulted in Virginia Baptists calling for Baptists of the South to meet at Augusta, Georgia in early May, 1845.

  • The Triennial Convention renamed American Baptist Missionary Union.

  • Southern Baptist Convention formed, splitting from the Triennial Convention in support of slavery because of opposition to appointing slave holding missionaries by the Triennial Convention.

  • International Mission Board, originally referred to as the Foreign Mission Board, is founded.

  • William Bullein Johnson, of South Carolina, becomes the first President of the Southern Baptist convention.

  • Jeremiah Bell Jeter called the first meeting of the Board of Managers of the International Mission Board. The members gathered in the library of Second Baptist Church, Richmond, Virginia. Their primary concern was to secure a permanent Corresponding Secretary.

  • May 20, Jeremiah Bell Jeter called the first meeting of the Board of Managers. The members gathered in the library of Second Baptist Church, Richmond, Virginia. Their primary concern was to secure a permanent Corresponding Secretary.

  • June 30, China was chosen as the first mission field.

  • September 1, the board appointed the first missionary, Samuel C. Clopton.


  • The Baptist General Missionary Convention reorganizes as the American Baptist Missionary Union (ABMU).

  • James Robinson Graves organized the Nashville Indian and Missionary Association.
    James B. Taylor (1846-1871) was appointed the first Corresponding Secretary of Foreign Mission Board.

  • The Foreign Mission Board appointed two African-Americans to serve in Liberia. Brother John Day occupied a mission station at Grand Bassa and Brother A. L. Jones at Cape Palmas on the west coast of Africa.

  • The board appointed the first medical missionary, Dr. J. Sexton James, to serve in China.

  • The monthly publication, Southern Baptist Missionary Journal, began.

  • William Catchart was baptized by Rev. R. H. Carson, of Tubbermore, in January.


  • Establishment of the first Baptist church in Sweden.

  • The design of Baptist associations was discussed by members of the Bethal Baptist Association, as it relates to the church, S. Baker, pastore of Russellville. The author stresses that a church ought always to retain her independence while cooperating with other sister churches in the Lord's work.


  • Beginning of Baptist work in Hungary.

  • Robert Hill was sent to Liberia by the Southern Baptist Convention.

  • The board began publication of The Commission. Monthly circulation of the periodical reached 7,000 by April 1850.

  • The board’s first single woman, Miss Harriet A. Baker of Powhatan County, Virginia, was appointed to China.


  • Organization of the American Bible Union.

  • Mary Sharp College for Women Winchester, TN is organized.

  • Adoniram Judson dies and is buried at sea in the Bay of Bengal on April 12.


  • Organization of the first New Zealand Baptist church.

  • James Robinson Graves is a leader in the Landmark movement as it seeks to make its ideology predominant in Southern Baptist life.


  • Gustaf baptized three converts in the Mississippi River at Rock Island, thus forming the Swedish Baptist Church which later became known as the Baptist General Conference. They consider this the date at which their denomination came into being.


  • John Mason Peck urged the creation of the American Baptist Historical Society, an adjunct of the American Baptist Publication Society.


  • Hudson Taylor was the only passenger in the sailing vessel, Dumfries. He had a tempestuous voyage as the ship on two occasions was within a few feet of being wrecked. One harrowing experience is worth remembering. The sailing vessel was becalmed in the vicinity of New Guinea. The captain despaired as a four knot current carried them swiftly toward sunken reefs near shore. "Our fate is sealed!" Cannibals were eagerly awaiting with delight and fires burning ready. Taylor and three others retired to pray and the Lord immediately sent a strong breeze that sent them on their way. Again one of his favorite texts, John 14:13 was proven. He finally reached Shanghai, China, March 1.


  • The German Baptist Church of Wilmington was founded by Rev. Jeremiah Grimmell, who in 1855 devoted his leisure to fostering the religious interests of the German Baptists, whom he invited to meet at his house, where he conducted worship. At the first service there were thirteen persons present, and these comprised the original members of the German Baptist Church, which was organized in 1856. His house being too small to accommodate those attracted by his preaching, Rev. Grimmell was offered a room in the residence of John Swager, corner Fourth and Pine Streets, where services were continued for quite a period. Rev. Leonard Fleishman preached to the converts of Mr. Grimmell on several occasions and encouraged him in his religious labors. In March, 1856, nine of them were baptized in the Second Baptist Church. Through the efforts of Miss Annie Semple, who manifested a zealous interest in the work, the church corner of Fifth and Walnut Streets was purchased for three thousand dollars. Here the congregation was organized April 17, 1856, by Rev. Mr. Grimmell and his wife, Edward Austermúhl, John Mühlhausen and Sophia, his wife, John Swager and Elizabeth, his wife, Peter Braunstein and Susan, his wife, Frederick Neutze, Mrs. Elizabeth Kaiser, Mrs. Theresa Herzel and Catherine Braunstein. A Sunday-school was also organized the same year.


  • Spurgeon leased the Surrey Music Hall in the Royal Surrey Gardens for services. This was London's "largest, most commodious and most beautiful building, erected for public amusements, carnivals of wild beasts and wilder men." Many criticized Spurgeon for leasing a building designed for worldly amusements, but the hall held ten to twelve thousand people and that number packed the building for the first service on this day, October 19th. It seemed at least as many people were outside the building as were inside. The service had only gone a few minutes when there was the frightening cry of "Fire! the galleries are giving away, the place is falling!" In the ensuing panic to flee the building, many people were trampled. Seven died and others were seriously injured. Spurgeon was tremendously depressed over the event, and his grief was so deep some feared his reason had left him. He spent hours "in tears by day, and dreams of terror by night." Within two weeks, however, Spurgeon had recovered sufficiently to preach again. The crowds were even bigger than before.


  • An effort is made to establish a Southern Baptist Sunday School Union. James Robinson Graves is a leader in this effort.


  • Through strong opposition the Southern Baptist Sunday School Union is finally organized.


  • Southern Baptist Theological Seminary opens in Greenville, SC. Among the first professors is John Albert Broadus.


  • Approximately 12,000 Baptist Churches in America.

  • Organization of the first Baptist church in Norway.


  • First baptism on Latvian soil.

  • 1861-1865 – Throughout the Civil War the Foreign Mission Board continued limited operations in China and Africa and most missionaries were self-supporting.

  • Tai Ping rebels in Yentai, Shantung Province, China, murdered Missionary J. Landrum Holmes.

  • In the spring of 1861, the Metropolitan Tabernacle was completed; this was to be Spurgeon's pulpit for the next thirty-one years.

  • Throughout those years an average of five thousand people attended each morning and evening Sunday service. Spurgeon's was the megachurch of nineteenth century London.


  • Baptists enter Argentina.

  • B. H. Carroll becomes a believer.


  • Fusion of the Bible Translation Society and the Irish Missionary Society into the British and Irish Baptist Home Mission Society.The Foreign Mission Board had no available funds so the Treasurer was authorized to charge to profit and loss the Confederate bonds so as to balance his books.

  • Exhortation to enter the work with renewed energy in light of the war having ended, G. W. Inman, pastor of Spring Creek Baptist church (Bethel Baptist Association)
    B. H. Carroll is ordained.

  • The first African-American Baptist associations in Georgia were established.
    Francis Wayland dies, September 30th.


  • Mission Society by the American Baptist Missionary Union.

  • In the proceedings of the First Baptist Antioch Association which met in December, 1868, we find the appointment of a Missionary Board, which was empowered to appoint missionaries and fix their salaries. Thus showing that they realized their responsibility in helping to carry out the great commission.

  • Begins the journey of Baptist Women in Ministry.

  • Women, it would seem did not actually attend the annual meeting of the SBC until 1868, when the convention was in Baltimore. Even then they were not there as messengers. Most were there to accompany their husbands but they held a separate meeting in the home of Mrs. Ann Graves, who read to the gathering some letters from her son Rosewell Graves, a missionary to China. Rosewell's letter talked of the need for women missionaries in China, for custom there required women to reach Chinese women for Christ (Southern Baptist Sisters: in Search of Status, 1845-2000, p.53, by David T. Morgan.

  • Canadian Baptist missionary Americus Timpany begins work among the Telugus in India.


  • Formation of the Baptist Union of Scotland.

  • Organization of the first Baptist church in Finland.

  • On July 12, 1869, one year after the organization of the first associational gathering The Baptist Missionary Convention, now known as The General Baptist Missionary Convention of Mississippi, held its first session at Port Gibson. Revs. R. Pollard and H. P. Jacobs were elected temporary and permanent presidents, respectively. An account of this gathering appears in Thompson's History and shows prominent Baptist preachers from Missouri and Louisiana were visitors.


  • Southern Baptists undertake work in Italy.

  • Southern Baptist Convention opposes efforts to reunite boards of the North and South.


  • Organization of the Woman's Baptist Foreign Mission Society (forerunners to the Board of International Ministries (BIM) of the ABC/USA)(East.

  • Mercer University moves from Penfield, GA where it was founded in 1833.
    James B. Taylor died (Foreign Missions Board).

  • The first Baptist church was organized in Brazil, on the 10th of September, 1871, in the City of Santa Barbara, State of São Paulo. This was a church founded by North-American colonists who, after the Secession War (1861-1865) established several colonies in Brazil. In Santa Barbara the Presbyterians, the Methodists and the Baptists organized churches.

  • Lottie Moon becomes a Georgia Baptist while teaching in Cartersville.


  • Benajah Harvey Carroll began his teaching of Theology and Bible at Baylor University.

  • He taught until 1905 when he started organizing the Baylor Theological Seminary.


  • Lottie Charlotte Moon is appointed missionary to China on July 7 by the Foreign Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention.


  • In view of the Centennial year of our national independence, the Baptist Ministerial Union, of Pennsylvania, appointed Dr. Cathcart to prepare a paper, to be read at their meeting in Meadville in 1876, on "The Baptists in the Revolution." This paper, by enlargement, became a duodecimo volume, entitle "The Baptists and the American Revolution."


  • September 13th, Dr. James M. Haswell died after forty-one years of missionary service in Burma with his dear wife Jane Mason, who he had married on August 23, 1835, and sailed for their chosen field one month later. He was more fruit from the Hamilton Theological Institute in Bennington, Vermont. Dr.Haswell mastered the Burmese language and then turned to the Pegulan dialect to reach the 80,000 of that tribe. He only took two furloughs, one in 1849 and another in 1867, and those were used to spur interest in missions. He was most diligent that his son James should follow him which he did, but tragically died of cholera a year after him in 1877. But the Haswell vision lived on through their daughter Susan who founded the Maulmein Leper Colony in which she invested sixty years of her life. The government gave the land and the lepers themselves built the thatched roof buildings with, in some cases, stumps for hands and feet. It stood for years as a memorial to her and the faith of the lepers. Untold thousands were saved.

  • On Tuesday, October 24, 45 delegates, from 23 churches, met at Goshen Bridge and organized the Augusta Baptist Association. Twenty-four churches from the counties of Allegheny, Augusta, Bath, Rockbridge, and Rockingham formed the Association, 10 of the churches coming from the Valley Association and 14 from the Albemarle Association.


  • Organization of the Women's Baptist Home Mission Society of the East; also organization of the Women's Baptist Home Mission Society of the West.

  • The Georgia State Mission board is constituted.

  • Second meeting of Augusta Association, held at Laurel Hill.


  • Important decision of the Southern Baptist Convention to maintain its organization apart from the American Baptist Missionary Union.

  • Beginning of first permanent mission work in Spain.

  • Baptist Foreign Mission merged and formed the National Baptist Convention USA.

  • Brazil was being considered as a Mission field.

  • Another church was organized for North-American colonists, called Station Baptist Church, also in Santa Barbara, and in this same year Elijah Hoton Quillin, pastor of the first church in Santa Barbara, wrote to Richmond, affirming his desire to be recognized as a self-sustaining missionary, for the purpose of carrying on missionary work in the surrounding country, both among emigrants from the Unites States and native Brazilians.

  • Fourth meeting of Association, held at Mt. Crawford.


  • Bacone College founded to meet the education needs of Native Americans.


  • Organization of the Baptist Union of New Zealand.


  • Bible controversy settled in the Bible Convention at Saratoga, N. Y.
    G. B. Rogers was educated at Mississippi College. His ordination to the ministry occurred December 23, 1883, in the Baptist church at Clinton, Miss., the ordaining council being composed of Elders W. S. Webb, J. B. Gambrell, A. V. Rowe, J. W. Collins, T. J. Walne and George Whitfield. His first pastorate was at Woodville, Miss., where he served two years, afterwards accepting an appointment by the State Mission Board as missionary on the Mississippi Valley Railroad.


  • Immersion of first Baptists in Estonia.

  • The Baptist Woman’s Missionary Union of Georgia is established.


  • The Baptist General Convention of Texas (BGCT) was formed as the merger of two Texas Baptist organizations.


  • Fannie Exile Scudder Heck is President of the Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina from its beginning in January.


  • Organization of the American Baptist Education Society at Washington, D. C.
    American Baptist Education Society founded to promote higher education, Becomes the American Baptist Board of Education (ABBE) (a forerunner of the Board of Educational Ministries (BEM) of the ABC/USA.

  • Lottie Moon is able to have the first Christmas offering started. This offering provided support for three additional persons to aid Lottie Moon in China.


  • Southern Baptist work in Japan actually begun.

  • After a delay due to the Civil War and Reconstruction as well as the general lack of interest in women's education, Leonidas Polk introduces a resolution to the Convention for a Baptist female college. His resolution is adopted unanimously.


  • Dr. J.M Frost considers starting a publishing house just for Southern Baptists.


  • Formation of the Baptist Union for Great Britain and Ireland; a merger of the Particular Baptists and the New Connexion of General Baptists.

  • James Marion Frost goes to Nashville, TN to begin his secretariship of the Sunday School Board. He founded the Sunday Lifeway Christian Resources is founded.

  • Organization of the Baptist Young People's Union of America.

  • The state legislature grants a charter for the Baptist Female University.


  • Participation of Baptists in the National Free Church Council in England.

  • Landmark leader, J.R. Graves, died in Memphis.

  • The Baptist Sunday School Board begins the practice of contributing funds toward the support of other denominational agencies.

  • Dr. T. P. Bell is elected second chief executive.

  • To raise money for the Baptist Female University, Oliver Larkin Stringfield begins traveling across the state and Fannie E. S. Heck organizes the Woman's Executive Committee of the Baptist Female University.


  • Fortress Monroe (VA) Conference: agreement between Baptists of North and South recognizing territorial limits; eased tensions caused by work of the ABPS and the ABHMS in South.


  • The National Baptist Convention. Several Baptist organizations combined to form the National Baptist Convention of the U.S.A.; the Baptist church is the largest black religious denomination in the United States.

  • William Heth Whitsett is President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.


  • WMU adopted the Sunbeams, the children’s missions organization begun in 1886 by the Foreign Mission Board.

  • Dr. J.M. Frost is re-elected as chief executive.


  • Christian Flag is created on Sunday September 26. The speaker for a Sunday School Rally at Brighton Chapel in Coney Island, NY does not show up. This impromptu opportunity for Charles C. Overton to fill the space gave way to the flag. There was an American flag draped across the pulpit he spoke from, thus inspiring him to discuss its symbolism. The symbolism was then stressed as necessary for the Christians to also have a flag that expresses their presence in the world.


  • The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) formed a Centennial Committee for preparation of the new century.

  • Baptist Sunday School Board publishes its first book, a venture which later results in Broadman Press.

  • Salem Baptist Church (Dobson, NC) was organized on December 26, 1898, by a Presbytery composed of C.H. Stone, chairman, A.J. Williams, spokesman, and C.L. Jarvis, clerk. Some of the first members were S.L. Edmonds, Allen Kidd, J.E. Edmonds and Lucy Kidd. C.H. Stone was elected the first pastor. Services were held in the old Edmonds one-room schoolhouse during the winter and under a brush arbor in the summer.


  • Edgar Young Mullins becomes President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He, without consent, succeeds William Heth Whisitt.

  • Baptist Female University opens in September with nineteen faculty/staff members and more than 200 students. James C. Blasingame is president. A college year is three terms of three months each. Room and board costs $36 per term, and tuition is $17.50, with additional fees for music and art.

The Reformed Reader Home Page 

Copyright 1999, The Reformed Reader, All Rights Reserved